High-coercivity ultrafine-grained anisotropic Nd-Fe-B magnets processed by hot deformation and the Nd-Cu grain boundary diffusion process

H. Sepehri-Amin, T. Ohkubo, S. Nagashima, M. Yano, T. Shoji, A. Kato, T. Schrefl, K. Hono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The grain boundary diffusion process using an Nd70Cu 30 eutectic alloy has been applied to hot-deformed anisotropic Nd-Fe-B magnets, resulting in a substantial enhancement of coercivity, from 1.5 T to 2.3 T, at the expense of remanence. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the areal fraction of an Nd-rich intergranular phase increased from 10% to 37%. The intergranular phase of the hot-deformed magnet initially contained ∼55 at.% ferromagnetic element, while it diminished to an undetectable level after the process. Microscale eutectic solidification of Nd/NdCu as well as a fine lamellae structure of Nd70(Co,Cu)30/Nd were observed in the intergranular phase. Micromagnetic simulations indicated that the reduction of the magnetization in the intergranular phases leads to the enhancement of coercivity in agreement with the experimental observation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6622-6634
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Volume61
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atom probe tomography
  • Coercivity
  • Grain boundary
  • Nd-Fe-B
  • Permanent magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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