High capacity porous VB2/Ni anodes for VB2/air batteries

Yu Pan, Xin Lu, Peng Cao, Zhi Guo Wei, Zhi Wei Liu, Yang Li, Guo Qing Wang, Xuan Hui Qu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

VB2 has been widely used as an anode material in alkaline air batteries due to its extremely high energy density. However, the currently available VB2 anodes are unable to deliver the high energy density and only utilized in small capacity cells. Herein, we report a high-capacity porous VB2/Ni anode produced by a powder metallurgical route. The effect of sintering temperature on the phase transition, electrical conductivity, electrochemical behavior, and discharge performance of the porous anodes were investigated. The porous VB2/Ni anode sintered at 900 °C displays a discharge capacity of 7818 mAh, specific capacity of 3475 mAh/g, coulombic efficiency of 85.6% and specific energy of 2373 mWh/g. The unique porous structure of the VB2/Ni anode increases ionic diffusion kinetics while the presence of conductive Ni2B or Ni3B phases ensures the good electrical conductivity. These nickel borides also enhanced corrosion resistance in the alkaline electrolyte, thus lowering charge-transfer resistance. As a result, the anode sintered at 900 °C performs best. This research sheds light on development of high-capacity VB2/air batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-570
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume771
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 15

Keywords

  • High capacity anode
  • Powder sintering
  • VB anode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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