Hierarchical deep learning models using transfer learning for disease detection and classification based on small number of medical images

Guangzhou An, Masahiro Akiba, Kazuko Omodaka, Toru Nakazawa, Hideo Yokota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deep learning is being employed in disease detection and classification based on medical images for clinical decision making. It typically requires large amounts of labelled data; however, the sample size of such medical image datasets is generally small. This study proposes a novel training framework for building deep learning models of disease detection and classification with small datasets. Our approach is based on a hierarchical classification method where the healthy/disease information from the first model is effectively utilized to build subsequent models for classifying the disease into its sub-types via a transfer learning method. To improve accuracy, multiple input datasets were used, and a stacking ensembled method was employed for final classification. To demonstrate the method’s performance, a labelled dataset extracted from volumetric ophthalmic optical coherence tomography data for 156 healthy and 798 glaucoma eyes was used, in which glaucoma eyes were further labelled into four sub-types. The average weighted accuracy and Cohen’s kappa for three randomized test datasets were 0.839 and 0.809, respectively. Our approach outperformed the flat classification method by 9.7% using smaller training datasets. The results suggest that the framework can perform accurate classification with a small number of medical images.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4250
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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