Heterogeneous structure around the Jemez volcanic field, New Mexico, USA, as inferred from the envelope inversion of active-experiment seismic data

Takeshi Nishimura, Michael Fehler, W. Scott Baldridge, Peter Roberts, Lee Steck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyse active-experiment seismic data obtained by the 1993 Jemez Tomography Experiment (JTEX) programme to elucidate the heterogeneous structure of the Jemez volcanic field, which is located at the boundary between the Colorado Plateau and the Rio Grande Rift. Using a single isotropic scattering assumption, we first calculate the envelope Green's functions for the upper and lower crust and the uppermost mantle. By fitting the theoretical envelopes with the observed three-component data, we estimate depth-dependent features of the scattering coefficients around Valles Caldera. We estimate the ratios of scattering coefficients, rather than scattering coefficients themselves, because of the uncertainty of the seismic efficiency of the explosive sources and knowledge of absolute site-amplification factors. The strongest scattering coefficients are observed at a shallow depth beneath the Valles Caldera. This is considered to be related to the complex structure caused by two episodes of caldera formation and the ensuing resurgent uplift in the caldera, etc. The depth-dependent characters of the scattering coefficients for the Colorado Plateau and the Rio Grande Rift are similar to each other: a transparent upper crust and a heterogeneous lower crust (small and large scattering coefficients, respectively). However, the scattering coefficients beneath the Rio Grande Rift are several times larger than those beneath the Colorado Plateau. Depths of the lower crust and the Moho boundary beneath the Rio Grande Rift are shallower than those of the Colorado Plateau. From their geological settings and other geophysical results around the region, we infer that the larger scattering coefficients of the rift are associated with rift formation and volcanic activity, such as magma ascent from the upper mantle to the crust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-681
Number of pages15
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Active experiment
  • Heterogeneous structure
  • Jemez volcanic field
  • Scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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