Heterogeneous cationic liposomes modified with 3β-{N-[(N′, N ′-dimethylamino)ethyl]carbamoyl}cholesterol can induce partial conformational changes in messenger RNA and regulate translation in an escherichia coli cell-free translation system

Keishi Suga, Tomoyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Umakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of cationic liposomes (CLs) on messenger RNA(mRNA) conformation and translation was studied, focusing on membrane heterogeneity. CLs, composed of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine/1,2-dioleoyl-3-timethylammonium propane (DOPC/DOTAP) and DOPC/3β-{N-[(N′,N′-dimethylamino) ethyl]carbamoyl}cholesterol (DOPC/DC-Ch), inhibited mRNA translation in an Escherichia coli cell-free translation system. Analysis of the membrane fluidity and polarity indicated a heterogeneous DOPC/DC-Ch (70/30) membrane, while other CLs exhibited homogeneous disordered membranes. mRNA adsorbed onto DOPC/DC-Ch liposomes showed translational activity, while DOPC/DOTAP liposomes inhibited mRNA translation in proportion to its adsorption onto membranes. Dehydration of DOPC/DOTAP (70/30) and DOPC/DC-Ch (70/30) was observed in the presence of mRNA but not in the case of zwitterionic DOPC liposomes, indicating that mRNA binds in regions between the phosphate [-PO2--] and carbonyl [-C=O-] moieties of lipids. UV resonance Raman spectroscopy suggests that adenine, cytosine, and guanine interact with DOPC/DOTAP (70/30) and DOPC/DC-Ch (70/30) but not with DOPC. Circular dichroism indicates that DOPC/DOTAP (70/30) extensively denatured the mRNA. In contrast, heterogeneous DOPC/DC-Ch (70/30) induced partial conformational changes but maintained the translational activity of mRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1899-1907
Number of pages9
JournalLangmuir
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 12
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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