Plasmid pSV2MT-I encoding mouse metallothionein-I (MT-I) designed to be expressed under the control of an SV40 promoter was introduced into human HeLa S3 cells. Several transformants (HeLa/MTH) carrying multi-copies of mouse MT-I cDNA in their genomes were isolated. These transformants produced 4 to 20-fold larger amounts of MT than their parent cells. The MT levels in HeLa/MTH were well correlated with the extent of resistance to cadmium, but not with that to cis-platinum (cis-DDP) in vitro. To study the role of MT in resistance to cis-DDP in vivo, nude mice were inoculated subcutaneously with two independent HeLa/MTH clones. MT levels in these tumors were about 3-fold higher than those in the parental cells. The growth of tumors derived from either HeLa/MTH clone was not inhibited in the presence of 15 μmol/kg of cis-DDP, which completely inhibited the growth of tumors derived from the parental HeLa cells. These data strongly suggest that the elevated level of MT confers resistance to cis-DDP in vivo but not in vitro. Thus, the results of this study indicate that in vitro determinations of the influence of MT on cis-DDP resistance may underestimate its importance in in vivo situations.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Jan|
- Drug resistance
- HeLa cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research