Heian-period human skeletal remains from the shomyoji shell midden in Yokohama city, Kanagawa Prefecture

Yasuo Hagihara, Tomoki Ohtani, Yuka Hatano, Minoru Yoneda, Toshihiko Suzuki, Fumiko Saeki, Junmei Sawada, Ryoko Koibuchi, Takashi Nara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The excavation of the Shomyoji shell midden in 2017 recovered more than 26 human skeletal remains belonging to the Jomon, Kofun, and Heian periods. In this paper, we describe one Heian-period (AD 794–1185) individual (SK1), who was dated to 957–900 calBP by radiocarbon dating. SK1 is well preserved, presumably a male, and aged approximately 20–35 years. The morphology of the cranium and teeth are not similar to that seen in the Kanto Jomon and Kamakura populations; it is closer to that of Yayoi immigrants from northern Kyusyu. SK1 has a severe lesion around the hip joint, and the left innominate bone and femur are atrophied. From this lesion, we can presume that SK1 had suffered from a hip joint disease such as tuberculous arthritis of the hip.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages10
JournalAnthropological Science
Volume127
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Heian period
  • Human remains
  • Palaeopathology
  • Shomyoji shell midden
  • Tuberculous arthritis of the hip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Heian-period human skeletal remains from the shomyoji shell midden in Yokohama city, Kanagawa Prefecture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this