Heavy-ion irradiation and post-irradiation annealing effects in explosion-welded CuCrZr/316LN joints for ITER application

Xiaoou Yi, Yufeng Du, Diancheng Geng, Zihao Li, Wentuo Han, Pingping Liu, Jiming Chen, Kiyohiro Yabuuchi, Kenta Yoshida, Somei Ohnuki, Qian Zhan, Farong Wan, Yasuyoshi Nagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Bimetallic plates of CuCrZr/316LN are important heat sink components in the ITER first wall. Their in-reactor performance was investigated with 6.4 MeV Fe3+ ion irradiation (500 °C/10.5 dpa), as an analogue for neutron damage. Detailed characterizations showed that the CuCrZr/316LN joints have maintained good structural integrity after irradiation. The as-irradiated interface consisted of a nanocrystalline interlayer, typically of <1 μm in width, mixed of CuCrZr and 316LN grains measuring 20–250 nm in size. Black-spots and loop/loop rafts dominated the damage microstructure on 316LN and CuCrZr sides of the interface, respectively. A series of 30 min long post-irradiation annealing experiments saw the onset of interlayer evolution in CuCrZr/316LN joints at 400 °C by grain boundary motion and Ostwald ripening, and further acceleration at ≥600 °C. Structural collapse of the interlayer is expected at extended time scales. Finally, a brief comparison between heavy-ion and neutron irradiation damage (Yi et al. 2021) in CuCrZr/316LN joints is made, with regard to defect production and interfacial transport behaviour of chemical elements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111252
JournalMaterials Characterization
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug


  • Annealing
  • CuCrZr/316LN
  • Diffusion
  • Explosion welding
  • Heavy-ion irradiation
  • Microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Heavy-ion irradiation and post-irradiation annealing effects in explosion-welded CuCrZr/316LN joints for ITER application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this