It is known that bulk metallic samples reflect microwaves while powdered samples can absorb such radiation and be heated efficiently. In the present work we studied heating mechanisms of metallic powders in a multimode 2.45 GHz microwave applicator. The present paper shows direct evidence of penetration of a layer of metallic powder by microwave radiation and provides theoretical explanation of such behavior.The most effectively heated powder is Fe because both eddy current loss (in alternating H -field) and magnetic reversal loss (in alternating E -field) mechanisms act in case of such metal. Diamagnetic metals Sn and Cu are heated better than paramagnetic Ti while Au is also only slightly heated. Cu- and Ni-based metallic glassy powders are also moderately heated. Weak heating of Au powder (which is a noble metal) can be explained by the absence on the particles of the oxide layer (shell), which allows eddy currents flowing through larger area compared to other metals, and reflection mechanism works much better in such case.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)