Heat-like and wave-like lifespan estimates for solutions of semilinear damped wave equations via a Kato's type lemma

Ning An Lai, Nico Michele Schiavone, Hiroyuki Takamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we consider several semilinear damped wave equations with “subcritical” nonlinearities, focusing on studying lifespan estimates for energy solutions. Our main concern is on equations with scale-invariant damping and mass. By imposing different assumptions on the initial data, we prove lifespan estimates from above, distinguishing between “wave-like” and “heat-like” behaviours. Furthermore, we conjecture logarithmic improvements for the estimates on the “transition surfaces” separating the two behaviours. As a direct consequence, we reorganize the blow-up results and lifespan estimates for the massless case, and we obtain in particular improved lifespan estimates for the one dimensional case, compared to the known results. We also study semilinear wave equations with scattering damping and negative mass term, finding that if the decay rate of the mass term equals to 2, the lifespan estimate coincides with the one in a special case of scale-invariant damped equation. The main tool employed in the proof is a Kato's type lemma, established by iteration argument.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11575-11620
Number of pages46
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
Volume269
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 5

Keywords

  • Blow-up
  • Lifespan
  • Scale-invariant damping
  • Semilinear wave equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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