Health workforce development in health emergency and disaster risk management: The need for evidence-based recommendations

Kevin K.C. Hung, Sonoe Mashino, Emily Y.Y. Chan, Makiko K. Macdermot, Satchit Balsari, Gregory R. Ciottone, Francesco Della Corte, Marcelo F. Dell’aringa, Shinichi Egawa, Bettina D. Evio, Alexander Hart, Hai Hu, Tadashi Ishii, Luca Ragazzoni, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Joseph H. Walline, Chi S. Wong, Hari K. Bhattarai, Saurabh Dalal, Ryoma KayanoJonathan Abrahams, Colin A. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 placed human health at the centre of disaster risk reduction, calling for the global community to enhance local and national health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM). The Health EDRM Framework, published in 2019, describes the functions required for comprehensive disaster risk management across prevention, preparedness, readiness, response, and recovery to improve the resilience and health security of communities, countries, and health systems. Evidence-based Health EDRM workforce development is vital. However, there are still significant gaps in the evidence identifying common competencies for training and education programmes, and the clarification of strategies for workforce retention, motivation, deployment, and coordination. Initiated in June 2020, this project includes literature reviews, case studies, and an expert consensus (modified Delphi) study. Literature reviews in English, Japanese, and Chinese aim to identify research gaps and explore core competencies for Health EDRM workforce training. Thirteen Health EDRM related case studies from six WHO regions will illustrate best practices (and pitfalls) and inform the consensus study. Consensus will be sought from global experts in emergency and disaster medicine, nursing, public health and related disciplines. Recommendations for developing effective health workforce strategies for low-and middle-income countries and high-income countries will then be disseminated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3382
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Disaster
  • Health EDRM workforce development
  • Health emergency
  • Health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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