Hard x-ray imager onboard Hitomi (ASTRO-H)

Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Goro Sato, Motohide Kokubun, Teruaki Enoto, Yasushi Fukazawa, Kouichi Hagino, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Jun Kataoka, Junichiro Katsuta, Shogo B. Kobayashi, Philippe Laurent, Francois Lebrun, Olivier Limousin, Daniel Maier, Kazuo Makishima, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Kunishiro Mori, Takeshi Nakamori, Toshio Nakano, Hirofumi NodaHirokazu Odaka, Masanori Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Shinya Saito, Rie Sato, Hiroyasu Tajima, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Tadayuki Takahashi, Shin'ichiro Takeda, Takaaki Tanaka, Yukikatsu Terada, Hideki Uchiyama, Asunobu Uchiyama, Shin Watanabe, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Yoichi Yatsu, Takayuki Yuasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hard x-ray imaging spectroscopy system of "Hitomi" x-ray observatory is composed of two sets of hard x-ray imagers (HXI) coupled with hard x-ray telescopes (HXT). With a 12-m focal length, the system provides fine (10:7 half-power diameter) imaging spectroscopy covering about 5 to 80 keV. The HXI sensor consists of a camera, which is composed of four layers of Si and one layer of CdTe semiconductor imagers, and an active shield composed of nine Bi4Ge3O12 scintillators to provide low background. The two HXIs started observation on March 8 and 14, 2016 and were operational until 26 March. Using a Crab observation, 5 to 80 keV energy coverage and good detection efficiency were confirmed. The detector background level of 1 to 3 × 10-4 counts s?1 keV?1 cm?2 (in detector geometrical area) at 5 to 80 keV was achieved, by cutting the high-background time-intervals, adopting sophisticated energy-dependent imager layer selection, and baffling of the cosmic x-ray background and active-shielding. This level is among the lowest of detectors working in this energy band. By comparing the effective area and the background, it was shown that the HXI had a sensitivity that is same to that of NuSTAR for point sources and 3 to 4 times better for largely extended diffuse sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21410
JournalJournal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1

Keywords

  • astronomy.
  • detectors
  • gamma rays
  • satellites
  • x-rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Nakazawa, K., Sato, G., Kokubun, M., Enoto, T., Fukazawa, Y., Hagino, K., Hayashi, K., Kataoka, J., Katsuta, J., Kobayashi, S. B., Laurent, P., Lebrun, F., Limousin, O., Maier, D., Makishima, K., Mizuno, T., Mori, K., Nakamori, T., Nakano, T., ... Yuasa, T. (2018). Hard x-ray imager onboard Hitomi (ASTRO-H). Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 4(2), [21410]. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JATIS.4.2.021410