Haplotypes of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene in the general population of Japan: The Ohasama study

M. Matsubara, F. Omori, S. Fujita, H. Metoki, M. Kikuya, T. Fujiwara, T. Araki, Y. Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the identification of a chimeric aldosterone synthase which induces mendelian hypertension, polymorphisms in aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) has been one of major targets for molecular analyses in association with hypertension. To date, four polymorphic variants of CYP11B2, -344T/C at promoter region, a gene conversion in intron 2, 2713A/G (in exon 3) which converts from Lys to Arg at codon 173 (K173R), and 4986T/C (in exon7) which converts from Val to Ala at codon 386 (V386A), have been identified in Caucasian population. Then, linkage disequilibrium between -344T/C polymorphism and a gene conversion in intron 2 or K173R mutation has been described, suggesting the presence of genetic haplotypes in Caucasians. Since the presence of a gene conversion in intron 2 or V386A mutation was still unknown in the Japanese population, all these polymorphisms were examined together to determine the CYP11B2 haplotypes of Japanese, using DNA samples from 1290 participants of the Ohasama study, who represent the general population of a rural community of northern Japan. Molecular analyses demonstrated the presence of a gene conversion of intron 2, but the absence of V386A mutation in Japanese population. The complete linkage disequilibrium between -344T/C polymorphism and K173R mutation was noted. Although -344T allele was linked either with a gene conversion in intron 2 or with normal intron 2, - 344C allele was completely linked with normal intron 2. These results indicate the presence of 3 allelic haplotypes of CYP11B2, - 344C with normal intron 2 and 173R, -344T with normal intron 2 and 173K, and -344T with converted intron 2 and 173K, in the general Japanese population. The frequency (total 1.0) was 0.35, 0.53, and 0.12, respectively. The presence of allelic haplotypes is considered to be an additional genetic information to individual polymorphism of CYP11B2 to determine the linkage between CYP11B2 polymorphisms and hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-610
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Hypertension
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Aldosterone synthase
  • Gene to gene disequilibrium
  • Hypertension
  • Mineralocorticoid
  • Ohasama study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Haplotypes of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene in the general population of Japan: The Ohasama study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this