Habituation by a tortoise beetle to the deterrents of spinach

A. Nagasawa, Kazuhiro Matsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Feeding responses of Cassida nebulosa to spinach vary depending on prior dietary experience. Adults reared on spinach, eat much spinach whereas those reared on Chenopodium album var. centrorubrum rarely eat it. However, there are a few reports that address the mechanisms of this phenomenon, which is termed 'induction of preference'. It has been presumed that this phenomenon arises in response to a reduction of sensitivity to the feeding deterrents contained in spinach as a result of early experience feeding on it. Therefore, we attempted to verify the effects of the feeding deterrent that was isolated from spinach. The feeding-deterrent response was reduced in adults reared on spinach compared with adults reared on C. album var. centrorubrum. Additionally, consumption of spinach by adults reared on deterrent-treated leaves of C. album var. centrorubrum was significantly higher than that by adults reared on control leaves of C. album var. centrorubrum. These results indicate that C. nebulosa acquires the ability to tolerate spinach because sensitivity to the feeding deterrent contained in spinach is reduced by early experience with the deterrent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-721
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Entomology
Volume131
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Cassida nebulosa
  • Chrysomelidae
  • Coleoptera
  • Feeding deterrent
  • Feeding response
  • Induction of feeding preference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

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