Growth velocity and grain size of multicrystalline solar cell silicon

I. Brynjulfsen, K. Fujiwara, N. Usami, L. Arnberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Growth rates, grain size and orientation in solar cell silicon has been analyzed in order to study nucleation and growth mechanisms. Samples solidified in an in situ furnace at two different cooling rates, with variations in impurity levels and substrate were analyzed with EBSD. A correlation between cooling rate and growth undercooling was found. Samples with a high cooling rate displayed fast growing crystal needles, while the slower cooled samples did not reach the same growth rates. The solidified samples with the lowest cooling rate, 10 K/min, were dominated by one or a few large grains, while the samples with the higher cooling rate, 30 K/min, had a more uniform and smaller grain distribution, indicating that the highest cooling rate gave a higher nucleation rate. The dominating crystal surface planes were near-112 for the samples with the largest grains. Variations in crucible substrate such as roughness, coating/no coating did not alter nucleation conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1


  • A1. Nucleation
  • A1. Solidification
  • A2. Growth from melt
  • B1. Silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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