Shape-controlled langasite-type piezoelectric single crystals, Ca 3NbGa3Si2O14 (CNGS) and Sr 3NbGa3Si2O14 (SNGS), were grown by the micropulling-down (μ-PD) method and their physical properties were investigated. Columnar-shaped CNGS and SNGS crystals with a- and c-axes in the growth direction were grown and the diameters of the grown columnar-shaped crystals were controlled to be approximately 3mm from the initial to the later part. The grown crystals without cracks indicated relatively high crystallinities and a single phase of the langasite-type structure in the powder X-ray diffraction patterns. Meanwhile, in the outside area of the crystals, parts of second phases were detected and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy measurements indicated that the second phases of the CNGS and SNGS crystals were the Ca-Nb-O and Sr-Nb-O systems, respectively. The d11 of the CNGS crystal indicated 3.98 pC/N, which was coincident with those of previous reports.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)