Growth of langasite via Bridgman technique along [0 0 0 1], [2 1̄ 1̄ 0] and [0 1 1̄ 1] for piezoelectric applications

Satoshi Uda, Hitoshi Inaba, Jiro Harada, Keigo Hoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

2-inch langasite (La3Ga5SiO14) single crystals were grown for the first time via a vertical Bridgman method, assisted by the accelerated crucible rotation technique (ACRT) along [0 0 0 1] (Z-axis), [2 1̄ 1̄ 0] (X-axis) and [0 1 1̄ 1] (54°-rotated Y-axis) for piezoelectric applications. Because of the possible liquid immiscibility, incongruency and segregation, secondary phases other than langasite are formed during growth. The mode of occurrence of these phases was closely related to the interface instability that was specific to the growth direction. The formation of inclusions consisting of lanthanum gallate (LaGaO3), aligned parallel to (0 1 1̄ 0), was associated with the constitutional supercooling. The residual products during the terminal transient were the mixture of gallium oxide (Ga2O3) and lanthanum gallate (LaGaO3) or the mixture of gallium oxide and lanthanum silicate (La2Si2O7) reflecting the position of the initial melt, relative to the tie line connecting the langasite solid solution with gallium oxide in the system of La2O3-Ga 2O3-SiO2. The homogeneity of the grown crystal was evaluated by the distribution of SAW velocities of the devices fabricated on the (0 1 1̄ 0) wafer, as well as by the uniformity of d-spacing of 0 5 5̄ 5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-237
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume271
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 15

Keywords

  • A1. Characterization
  • A2. Bridgman technique
  • A2. Growth from melt
  • A2. Single crystal growth
  • B1. Oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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