Langasite-family single crystals Ca3NbGa3-xAlxSi2O14 (CNGAS) (x = 0.1-0.8) were grown by a Czochralski technique along the x-axis. With increasing amount of Al substituent, the lattice constants decreased and the electric resistivity in a high temperature range was improved. The CNGAS (x = 0.8) specimen had an electric resistivity of 1010Ocm at 350 °C. From the dependence of the resistivity on temperature, an activation energy of about 1.19 eV was obtained. Thermal treatment in oxygen atmosphere was also considered effective for the improvement in electric resistivity. However, the dielectric features associated with loss tangent jump at about 400 °C were not improved by the Al substituent and thermal treatment. Spectroscopic ellipsometry was applied to determine the pseudodielectric function ε = ε1 + ie2 spectrum of the Ca3NbGa3Si2O14 crystal from 2 to 6 eV at 27 to 450 °C. No crystal structure change was observed from room temperature to 450 °C. The mechanism of the loss tangent change above 400 °C needs further investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)