Cell-bound exopolysaccharide (EPS) of the aggregable strain Lactobacillus brevis KB290 isolated from traditional Japanese pickles has been reported to protect against the effects of bile. However, there are no reports of bile tolerance mechanisms for other L. brevis strains that have aggregability. To elucidate the mechanism of bile tolerance of L. brevis KB290, we found 8 aggregable L. brevis strains out of 121 L. brevis strains isolated from traditional Japanese fermented pickles. We estimated their growth in artificial digestive juice and the amount of cell-bound EPS. We found 3 types of aggregation for these strains: filiform (<1 mm), medium floc (1-5 mm), or large floc (>5 mm). There was no significant difference in growth between nonaggregable and aggregable strains in the artificial digestive juice. The large floc strains selected from the aggregation strains showed significantly higher growth in the artificial digestive juice than nonaggregable strains. In medium and large floc strains, cell-bound EPS, mainly consisting of glucose, N-acetylglucosamine, and N-acetylmannosamine, were observed. The amount of EPS and each strain's growth index showed a positive correlation. We conclude that aggregable L. brevis strains were also protected by cell-bound EPS.
- Cell aggregation
- Cell-bound exopolysaccharides
- Digestive juice tolerance
- Lactobacillus brevis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology