Grindability of dental cast Ti-Ag and Ti-Cu alloys

Masafumi Kikuchi, Masatoshi Takahashi, Toru Okabe, Osamu Okuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


Experimental Ti-Ag alloys (5, 10, and 20 mass% Ag) and Ti-Cu alloys (2, 5, and 10 mass% Cu) were cast into magnesia molds using a dental casting machine, and their grindability was investigated. At the lowest grinding speed (500 m·min-1), there were no statistical differences among the grindability values of the titanium and titanium alloys. The grindability of the alloys increased as the grinding speed increased. At the highest grinding speed (1500 m·min-1), the grindability of the 20% Ag, 5% Cu, and 10% Cu alloys was significantly higher than that of titanium. It was found that alloying with silver or copper improved the grindability of titanium, particularly at a high speed. It appeared that the decrease in elongation caused by the precipitation of small amounts of intermetallic compounds primarily contributed to the favorable grindability of the experimental alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-205
Number of pages15
JournalDental materials journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun


  • Grindability
  • Grinding
  • Titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Dentistry(all)


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