Green to ultraviolet photoluminescence from CuAlxGa1-xS2 chalcopyrite semiconductor heteroepitaxial alloys grown by low-pressure metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy

Yoshiyuki Harada, Hisayuki Nakanishi, Shigefusa F. Chichibu

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10 Citations (Scopus)


CuAlxGa1-xS2 alloy films were successfully grown on GaAs and GaP substrates by low-pressure metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy. All CuAlxGa1-xS2 layers exhibited near-band-edge photoluminescence peaks related to free or bound excitons at 77 and 300 K, which were assigned based on the results of photoreflectance measurements. These excitonic emissions cover the spectral ranges from green to ultraviolet in color by changing CuAlS2 mole fraction x. The alloy composition was well-controlled using triisobutylaluminum and normal-tripropylgallium as source precursors. All alloy layers were of high quality and had a single domain structure with their c-axes normal to the surface of both GaAs(0 0 1) and GaP(0 0 1) substrates. A remarkable residual tensile biaxial strain was found in the films on both the substrates, which is mainly due to the thermal stress. The strain subsequently caused the increase of the crystal-field splittings in the valence bands. CuAlxGa1-xS2 was shown to have a potential as a proper material for visible and UV light-emitting devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-480
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Aug


  • A1. Photoluminescence
  • A1. Stresses
  • A3. Metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy
  • B1. Chalcopyrite compounds
  • B2. Semiconducting quaternary alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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