Gravity-dependent changes in bioconvection of Tetrahymena and Chlamydomonas during parabolic flight: Increases in wave number induced by pre- and post-parabola hypergravity

Azusa Kage, Eriko Asato, Yoko Chiba, Yuuko Wada, Yumiko Katsu-Kimura, Ayami Kubota, Satoe Sawai, Maki Niihori, Shoji A. Baba, Yoshihiro Mogami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bioconvection emerges in a dense suspension of swimming protists as a consequence of their negative-gravitactic upward migration and later settling as a blob of density greater than that of water. Thus, gravity is an important parameter governing bioconvective pattern formation. However, inconsistencies are found in previous studies dealing with the response of bioconvection patterns to increased gravity acceleration (hypergravity); the wave number of the patterns has been reported to decrease during the hypergravity phases of parabolic aircraft flight, while it increases in centrifugal hypergravity. In this paper, we reassess the responses of bioconvection to altered gravity during parabolic flight on the basis of vertical and horizontal observations of the patterns formed by Tetrahymena thermophila and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Spatiotemporal analyses of the horizontal patterns revealed an increase in the pattern wave number in both pre- and post-parabola hypergravity. Vertical pattern analysis was generally in line with the horizontal pattern analysis, and further revealed that hypergravity-induced changes preceded at the top layer of the suspensions while microgravity-induced changes appeared to occur from the bottom part of the settling blobs. The responses to altered gravity were rather different between the two sample species: T. thermophila tended to drastically modify its bioconvection patterns in response to changes in gravity level, while the patterns of C. reinhardtii responded to a much lesser extent. This difference can be attributed to the distinct physical and physiological properties of the individual organisms, suggesting a significant contribution of the gyrotactic property to the swimming behavior of some protists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-214
Number of pages9
JournalZoological Science
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Chlamydomonas
  • Tetrahymena
  • bioconvection
  • hypergravity
  • microgravity
  • wave number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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    Kage, A., Asato, E., Chiba, Y., Wada, Y., Katsu-Kimura, Y., Kubota, A., Sawai, S., Niihori, M., Baba, S. A., & Mogami, Y. (2011). Gravity-dependent changes in bioconvection of Tetrahymena and Chlamydomonas during parabolic flight: Increases in wave number induced by pre- and post-parabola hypergravity. Zoological Science, 28(3), 206-214. https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.28.206