Gravitational wave signals from short-lived topological defects in the MSSM

Ayuki Kamada, Masaki Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supersymmetric theories, including the minimal supersymmetric standard model, usually contain many scalar fields whose potentials are absent in the exact supersymmetric limit and within the renormalizable level. Since their potentials are vulnerable to the finite energy density of the Universe through supergravity effects, these flat directions have nontrivial dynamics in the early Universe. Recently, we have pointed out that a flat direction may have a positive Hubble induced mass term during inflation whereas a negative one after inflation. In this case, the flat direction stays at the origin of the potential during inflation and then obtain a large vacuum expectation value after inflation. After that, when the Hubble parameter decreases down to the mass of the flat direction, it starts to oscillate around the origin of the potential. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of the flat direction with and without higher dimensional superpotentials and show that topological defects, such as cosmic strings and domain walls, form at the end of inflation and disappear at the beginning of oscillation of the flat direction. We numerically calculate their gravitational signals and find that the observation of gravitational signals would give us information of supersymmetric scale, the reheating temperature of the Universe, and higher dimensional operators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2015
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 9
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cosmic strings
  • cosmological phase transitions
  • domain walls
  • monopoles
  • particle physics - cosmology connection
  • supersymmetry and cosmology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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