Grain size refinements in AL-MG and CU-MG alloys by hydrogen heat treatment

Atsunori Kamegawa, Masuo Okada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


From the many existing grain size refinement techniques, we have investigated the hydrogen heat treatment of the so-called hydrogenation disproportionation desorption recombination (HDDR) process applied to alloys that contain some amounts of elements with a strong affinity for hydrogen, for example Mg, even though the major constituent of these alloys are mostly elements with a weak affinity for hydrogen. We chose Al-(3-7.8)mass%Mg and Cu-lmass%Mg to research the possibility of the occurrence of HDDR phenomena and their effects on the evolution of the microstructure in the Al-Mg and Cu-Mg alloys. Upon the hydrogenation of the Al-Mg alloys, a disproportionation reaction occurred in the formation of MgH2 embedded in the Al matrix phase. In the subsequent hydrogen-desorption of the alloys, MgH2 was decomposed and Mg was resolved into the Al matrix phase, thereby resulting in the original solid solution alloys. This indicates that HDDR phenomena occurred in the Al-Mg alloys. It is found that the grain size of the alloys was of the order of 10 nm after HDDR treatments such as the heat treatment at 350°C under a hydrogen pressure of 7.5 MPa for 72 h, followed by hydrogen desorption at 350°C for 4 h in vacuum. The grain size of the HDDR-treated alloys increased with the decrease in the Mg content. It was found that the Cu-Mg alloys also exhibit HDDR phenomena and that the grain size was refined to the order of 100 nm. The mechanical properties of the treated alloys were also investigated by the nano-indentation method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTMS2008 - 137th Annual Meeting and Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials Processing and Properties
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 20
EventTMS 2008 Annual Meeting Supplemental: Materials Processing and Properties - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: 2008 Mar 92008 Mar 13

Publication series

NameTMS Annual Meeting


OtherTMS 2008 Annual Meeting Supplemental: Materials Processing and Properties
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans, LA


  • Gas-solid reaction
  • Grain size refinement
  • HDDR
  • Hydrogen heat treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Grain size refinements in AL-MG and CU-MG alloys by hydrogen heat treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this