A novel method for grain refinement of martensite structures was proposed, in which transformation strain is accumulated by cyclic displacive forward and reverse transformations. This method can refine martensite structures in an Fe-18Ni alloy because a high density of austenite dislocations is introduced by a displacive reverse transformation in addition to an inheritance of dislocations in body-centered cubic martensite into austenite during cyclic transformation. The addition of a small amount of carbon accelerates structure refinement significantly, which results in the formation of ultra-fine-grained structures after ten cycles.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Sep 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys