Grain boundary engineering of titanium-stabilized 321 austenitic stainless steel

K. Kurihara, H. Kokawa, S. Sato, Y. S. Sato, H. T. Fujii, M. Kawai

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25 Citations (Scopus)


Grain boundary engineering (GBE) primarily aims to prevent the initiation and propagation of intergranular degradation along grain boundaries by frequent introduction of coincidence site lattice (CSL) boundaries into the grain boundary networks in materials. It has been reported that GBE is effective to prevent intergranular corrosion due to sensitization in unstabilized 304 and 316 austenitic stainless steels, but the effect of GBE on intergranular corrosion in stabilized austenitic stainless steels has not been clarified. In this study, a twin-induced GBE utilizing optimized thermomechanical processing with small pre-strain and subsequent annealing was applied to introduce very high frequencies of CSL boundaries into a titanium-stabilized 321 austenitic stainless steel. The resulting steel showed much higher resistance to intergranular corrosion after sensitization subsequent to carbon re-dissolution heat treatment during the ferric sulfate-sulfuric acid test than the as-received one. The high CSL frequency resulted in a very low percolation probability of random boundary networks in the over-threshold region and remarkable suppression of intergranular corrosion during GBE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4270-4275
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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