Glutelin accumulation and changes in the levels of its mRNA in the superior and inferior spikelets of rice ear during ripening

Yasunaga Iwasaki, Tadahiko Mae, Chikafusa Fukazawa, Amane Makino, Koji Ohira, Kunihiko Ojima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glutelin accumulation in the apical spikelet of the top primary branch (superior spikelet) and the second spikelet of the lowest secondary branch (inferior spikelet) of the ear of the rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) was characterized during grain filling. In the superior spikelet, the accumulation of dry matter and nitrogen started immediately after flowering and rapidly reached the maturation level by 20 days after heading (DAH). At 7 DAH, total RNA content had already reached its maximum level and glutelin mRNA content 70% of its maximum. The increase in glutelin mRNA was followed by a rapid increase in glutelin between 7 and 16 DAH. In the inferior spikelet dry matter, nitrogen and glutelin accumulation were low immediately after flowering and increased only after grain filling of the superior spikelet was almost complete. Total RNA and glutelin mRNA increased much later at slower rates than in the superior spikelet. It is very likely that the retardation of dry matter, total nitrogen and glutelin accumulation in the inferior spikelet is due to retardation of differentiation and development of endosperm tissue, and to glutelin gene expression in endosperm cells. It is suggested that the delayed development resulted from limited partitioning of nutrients to the inferior spikelet at the early stage of ripening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-214
Number of pages4
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume155-156
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Oryza sativa L.
  • accumulation
  • glutelin
  • glutelin mRNA
  • inferior spikelet
  • rice
  • ripening
  • superior spikelet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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