Glut1 expression is increased by p53 reduction to switch metabolism to glycolysis during osteoblast differentiation

Tomokazu Ohnishi, Joji Kusuyama, Kenjiro Bandow, Tetsuya Matsuguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The glycolytic system is selected for ATP synthesis not only in tumor cells but also in differentiated cells. Differentiated osteoblasts also switch the dominant metabolic pathway to aerobic glycolysis. We found that primary osteoblasts increased expressions of glycolysis-related enzymes such as Glut1, hexokinase 1 and 2, lactate dehydrogenase A and pyruvate kinase M2 during their differentiation. Osteoblast differentiation decreased expression of tumor suppressor p53, which negatively regulates Glut1 expression, and enhanced phosphorylation of AKT, which is regulated by phosphoinositol-3 kinase (PI3K). An inhibitor of PI3K enhanced p53 expression and repressed Glut1 expression. Luciferase reporter assay showed that p53 negatively regulated transcriptional activity of solute carrier family 2 member 1 gene promoter region. Inhibition of glycolysis in osteoblasts reduced ATP contents more significantly than inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation by carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazine. These results have indicated that osteoblasts increase Glut1 expression through the down-regulation of p53 to switch their metabolic pathway to glycolysis during differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1795-1811
Number of pages17
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume477
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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