Glucose-induced oxidative stress leads to in S-nitrosylation of protein disulfide isomerase in neuroblastoma cells

Jiro Ogura, Hiroki Sugiura, Atsushi Tanaka, Shinji Ono, Toshiyuki Sato, Toshihiro Sato, Masamitsu Maekawa, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Nariyasu Mano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Dementia places a significant burden on both patients and caregivers. Since diabetes is a risk factor for dementia, it is imperative to identify the relationship between diabetes and cognitive disorders. Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is an enzyme for oxidative protein folding. PDI S-nitrosylation is observed in the brain tissues of Alzheimer's disease patients. The aim of this study is to clarify the relationship between PDI S-nitrosylation and diabetes. Methods: We used SH-SY5Y cells cultured in high-glucose media. Results: S-nitrosylated PDI level increased at 7 days and remained high till 28 days in SH-SY5Y cells cultured in high-glucose media. Using PDI wild-type- or PDI C343S-expressing SH-SY5Y cells, PDI C343 was identified as the site of glucose-induced S-nitrosylation. IRE1α and PERK were phosphorylated at day 14 in the SH-SY5Y cells cultured in high-glucose media, and the phosphorylated status was maintained to day 28. To determine the effect of S-nitrosylated PDI on endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling, SH-SY5Y cells were treated with S-nitrosocystein (SNOC) for 30 min, following which the medium was replaced with SNOC-free media and the cells were cultured for 24 h. Only phosphorylated IRE1α treated with SNOC was associated with PDI S-nitrosylation. Neohesperidin, a flavonoid in citrus fruits, is a natural antioxidant. The treatment with neohesperidin in the final 7 days of glucose loading reversed PDI S-nitrosylation and improved cell proliferation. Conclusion: Glucose loading leads to S-nitrosylation of PDI C343 and induces neurodegeneration via IRE1α phosphorylation. General significance: The results may be useful for designing curative treatment strategies for dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129998
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov


  • Glucose
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Oxidative stress
  • Protein disulfide isomerase
  • S-nitrosylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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