Glomerulosclerosis induced by deficiency of membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 in kidney podocytes

Naritoshi Shirata, Kan Ichiro Ihara, Kanae Yamamoto-Nonaka, Takuto Seki, Shin Ichi Makino, Juan Alejandro Oliva Trejo, Takafumi Miyake, Hiroyuki Yamada, Kirk Nicholas Campbell, Takahiko Nakagawa, Kiyoshi Mori, Motoko Yanagita, Peter Mundel, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Katsuhiko Asanuma

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    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 (MAGI-2) is a component of the slit diaphragm (SD) of glomerular podocytes. Here, we investigated the podocyte-specific function of MAGI-2 using newly generated podocyte-specific MAGI-2-knockout (MAGI-2-KO) mice. Compared with podocytes from wildtype mice, podocytes from MAGI-2-KO mice exhibited SD disruption, morphologic abnormalities of foot processes, and podocyte apoptosis leading to podocyte loss. These pathologic changes manifested as massive albuminuria by 8 weeks of age and glomerulosclerosis and significantly higher plasma creatinine levels at 12 weeks of age; all MAGI-2-KO mice died by 20 weeks of age. Loss of MAGI-2 in podocytes associated with decreased expression and nuclear translocation of dendrin, which is also a component of the SDcomplex.Dendrin translocates fromthe SDto the nucleus of injured podocytes, promoting apoptosis. Our coimmunoprecipitation and in vitro reconstitution studies showed that dendrin is phosphorylated by Fyn and dephosphorylated by PTP1B, and that Fyn-induced phosphorylation prevents Nedd4-2-mediated ubiquitination of dendrin. Under physiologic conditions in vivo, phosphorylated dendrin localized at the SDs; in the absence ofMAGI-2, dephosphorylated dendrin accumulated in the nucleus. Furthermore, induction of experimental GN in rats led to the downregulation of MAGI-2 expression and the nuclear accumulation of dendrin in podocytes. In summary,MAGI-2 and Fyn protect dendrin fromNedd4-2-mediated ubiquitination and from nuclear translocation, thereby maintaining the physiologic homeostasis of podocytes, and the lack of MAGI-2 in podocytes results in FSGS.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2654-2669
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
    Volume28
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nephrology

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