Glioblastoma multiforme developing separately from the initial lesion 9 years after successful treatment for gliomatosis cerebri: A case report

Tomoo Inoue, Masayuki Kanamori, Yukihiko Sonoda, Mika Watanabe, Toshio Sasajima, Nobuo Kamisato, Toshihiro Kumabe, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Gliomatosis cerebri is a diffuse growth pattern of glioma consisting of exceptionally extensive infiltration of at least three cerebral lobes. We report a case of histologically confirmed glioblastoma multiforme in the cerebellar vermis which occurred 9 years after treatment for gliomatosis cerebri. A 33-year-old woman presented to our department for evaluation of visual disturbance. T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed hyperintense lesions in the bilateral frontal and parietal lobes. Histological examination of biopsy specimens from the left frontal lobe lesion demonstrated diffuse infiltration of glial neoplastic cells with preservation of the underlying cytoarchitecture, leading to the diagnosis of gliomatosis cerebri. She received 60 Gy hyperfractionated irradiation to the whole brain, and the lesion responded partially. The patient remained stable for 4 years, but T2-weighted MR imaging 5 years after the initial treatment showed enlargement of the hyperintense area. She received nimustine hydrochloride chemotherapy, and again partial response was observed. However, T1-weighted MR imaging after administration of gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid detected enhanced lesions in the cerebellar vermis, cerebellar hemisphere, and left posterior limb of the internal capsule 9 years after the initial treatment, although no abnormal findings were observed on initial and follow-up MR imaging. She underwent subtotal removal of the lesion in the cerebellar vermis. The surgical specimens were characterized by dense proliferation of atypical tumor cells with scattered mitosis and endothelial proliferation. The histological diagnosis was glioblastoma multiforme. The patient received gamma knife irradiation for the remnant lesion in the cerebellar vermis, and the lesions in the cerebellar hemisphere and left posterior limb of the internal capsule, and chemotherapy with temozolomide. However, multiple enhanced lesions were detected in the cerebellar vermis 2 months after the start of the temozolomide chemotherapy, and she died 8 months later. This case suggests that glioblastoma multiforme could develop in the long term after initial treatment for gliomatosis cerebri, and in a location separate from the initial lesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-715
Number of pages7
JournalNeurological Surgery
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug


  • Gliomatosis cerebri
  • Histopathotogy
  • Long-term survivor
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Radio chemotheraphy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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