Gigantic third-order optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional mott insulators

H. Kishida, M. Ono, H. Matsuzaki, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, Y. Tokura, H. Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Third-order optical nonlinearity has been studied in one-dimensional Mott insulators, Sr2CuO3, Ca2CuO3, and halogen-bridged Ni compounds [Ni(chxn)2X]Y2 (X=Br,Cl; Y=Br,Cl,(NO3)), by electroreflectance (ER) spectroscopy. Im χ(3)(-ω;0,0,ω) (ER) is evaluated to be χ(3) ≈ 10-8 to 10-5esu, which is significantly larger than those of conjugated polymers, 10-10-10 -8esu. An analysis of the ER spectral shape reveals that the strong enhancement of nonlinear optical response originates from the large transition dipole moments between nearly degenerate odd and even states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-316
Number of pages2
JournalSynthetic Metals
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr 4
Externally publishedYes


  • Nonlinear optical methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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