Giant bending strain of reversible motion of uni-morph soft mover composites driven by hydrogen storage alloy powders dispersed in polyurethane sheet

Yoshitake Nishi, Junya Okawa, Masae Kanda, Akio Shimazu, Ryuichi Suenaga, Yoshihide Ebihara, Daiji Kubo, Haru Hisa Uchida, Kaori Yuse, Daniel Guyomar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to generate the bending motion operated by pressure change in hydrogen gas, soft uni-morph composites were prepared, in which composites dispersed with not only driving particles of LaNij hydrogen storage alloy with Pd-Al2O3 catalyst powders to get high responsiveness, were piled up on a simple polyurethane sheet. Since the highest values of irreversible bending strain at the first hydrogénation (σ1) under 0.3 MPa H2 gas and the maximum irreversible bending strain during hydrogenation cycles (σ1) were remarkably obtained at the 35 vol% of LaNi5 powders dispersed in polyurethane composites, the bending strain of reversible motion was detected from the first to the 8th hydrogénation (σr 1 and σr 8) under 0.2 MPa H2 gas. The bending strain of reversible motion of polyurethane composites sheet is more than 2000 ppm, which was approximately equal to that of silicone rubber composites and is extremely larger than that (300 ppm) of ABS resin composites. Responsiveness (dσ/dt) of cyclic motion of elastic deformed mover composites, which were constructed with 35 vol%LaNi5 dispersed powder and matrix of polyurethane or silicone rubber, were more than 10 times higher than that of ABS composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2460-2465
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume50
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct

Keywords

  • Bending motion
  • Catalyst
  • Hydrogen storage alloy
  • Mover composites
  • Polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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