GHz microwave absorption of a fine α-Fe structure produced by the disproportionation of Sm 2Fe 17 in hydrogen

S. Sugimoto, T. Maeda, D. Book, T. Kagotani, K. Inomata, M. Homma, H. Ota, Y. Houjou, R. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

165 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the possibility of using the disproportionation reaction of the Sm 2Fe 17 compound for the production of powders with a fine α-Fe structure was investigated, for use as electromagnetic wave absorbers that can operate in the GHz frequency range. A fine α-Fe/SmH 2 or α-Fe/SmO structure with a sub-micrometer size is formed from the Sm 2Fe 17 compound after disproportionation in hydrogen or air, respectively. In this way, magnetic powders with a fine structure of α-Fe were obtained. The powders disproportionated in hydrogen, were heated in air in order to oxidize the Sm hydride, to give a α-Fe/SmO two-phase microstructure, and thereby increase the resistivity of the powders. Toroidally shaped epoxy-resin composites were made from this powder, and the microwave absorption properties of these samples were measured. An undisproportionated sample did not show any electromagnetic wave absorption in this frequency range. However, the disproportionated samples (heated in hydrogen at 873 K for 1 h, milled for 30 min and oxidized at 473 K for 2 h in air) exhibited electromagnetic wave absorption (RL<-20 dB) in the frequency (f m) range 0.73-1.30 GHz, for absorber thicknesses (d m) ranging from 13.1 to 7.9 mm, respectively. The disproportionated samples in air (heated at 473 K for 2 h and milled for 30 min) also showed good electromagnetic wave absorption properties (f m=1.21-2.50 GHz and d m=8.0-4.2 mm). It is concluded that the disproportionation reaction, in either hydrogen or in air, is a useful method for the production of powders with a fine α-Fe structure, which can be used for microwave absorbers that operate in the several GHz range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 17
EventProceedings of the International Symposium on Metal-Hydrogen (MH 2000) - Noosa Heads, QLD, Australia
Duration: 2000 Oct 12000 Oct 6


  • Complex relative permeability
  • Disproportionation reaction
  • Electromagnetic wave absorber
  • Epoxy resin composite
  • Reflection loss
  • Samarium-iron compound
  • α-Fe fine structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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