GEO-X (GEOspace X-ray imager)

GEO-X team

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


GEO-X (GEOspace X-ray imager) is a 50 kg-class small satellite to image the global Earth's magnetosphere in X-rays via solar wind charge exchange emission. A 12U CubeSat will be injected into an elliptical orbit with an apogee distance of ∼40 Earth radii. In order to observe the diffuse soft X-ray emission in 0.3-2 keV and to verify X-ray imaging of the dayside structures of the magnetosphere such as cusps, magnetosheaths and magnetopauses which are identified statistically by in-situ satellite observations, an original light-weight X-ray imaging spectrometer (∼10 kg, ∼10 W, ∼10×10×30 cm) will be carried. The payload is composed of a ultra light-weight MEMS Wolter type-I telescope (∼4×4 deg2 FOV, <10 arcmin resolution) and a high speed CMOS sensor with a thin optical blocking filter (∼2×2 cm2, frame rate ∼20 ms, energy resolution <80 eV FWHM at 0.6 keV). An aimed launch year is 2023-25 corresponding to the 25th solar maximum.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2020
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
EditorsJan-Willem A. den Herder, Shouleh Nikzad, Kazuhiro Nakazawa
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636750
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2020: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 2020 Dec 142020 Dec 18

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2020: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online


  • Earth's magnetosphere
  • Small satellites
  • X-rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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