Genotype–phenotype relationships in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with FUS/TLS mutations in Japan

Tetsuya Akiyama, Hitoshi Warita, Masaaki Kato, Ayumi Nishiyama, Rumiko Izumi, Chikako Ikeda, Masaki Kamada, Naoki Suzuki, Masashi Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: We investigated possible genotype–phenotype correlations in Japanese patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) carrying fused in sarcoma/translated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS) gene mutations. Methods: A consecutive series of 111 Japanese FALS pedigrees were screened for copper/zinc superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and FUS/TLS gene mutations. Clinical data, including onset age, onset site, disease duration, and extramotor symptoms, were collected. Results: Nine different FUS/TLS mutations were found in 12 pedigrees. Most of the patients with FUS/TLS-linked FALS demonstrated early onset in the brainstem/upper cervical region, and relatively short disease duration. A few mutations exhibited phenotypes that were distinct from typical cases. Frontotemporal dementia was present in 1 patient. Conclusions: This study revealed a characteristic phenotype in FUS/TLS-linked FALS patients in Japan. FUS/TLS screening is recommended in patients with FALS with this phenotype. Muscle Nerve 54: 398–404, 2016.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-404
Number of pages7
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

Keywords

  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • frontotemporal dementia
  • fused in sarcoma/translated in liposarcoma
  • genetic predisposition to disease
  • phenotype
  • prospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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