Genome-wide meta-analysis in Japanese populations identifies novel variants at the TMC6-TMC8 and SIX3-SIX2 loci associated with HbA1c

Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Shohei Komaki, Yutaka Hasegawa, Hideki Ohmomo, Kozo Tanno, Atsushi Hozawa, Gen Tamiya, Masayuki Yamamoto, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Motoyuki Nakamura, Jiro Hitomi, Yasushi Ishigaki, Makoto Sasaki, Atsushi Shimizu

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is widely used as a biomarker for the diagnosis of diabetes, for population-level screening, and for monitoring the glycaemic status during medical treatment. Although the heritability of HbA1c has been estimated at ~55-75%, a much smaller proportion of phenotypic variance is explained by the HbA1c-associated variants identified so far. To search for novel loci influencing the HbA1c levels, we conducted a genome-wide meta-analysis of 2 non-diabetic Japanese populations (n = 7,704 subjects in total). We identified 2 novel loci that achieved genome-wide significance: TMC6-TMC8 (P = 5.3 × 10-20) and SIX3-SIX2 (P = 8.6 × 10-9). Data from the largest-scale European GWAS conducted for HbA1c supported an association between the novel TMC6-TMC8 locus and HbA1c (P = 2.7 × 10-3). The association analysis with glycated albumin and glycation gap conducted using our Japanese population indicated that the TMC6-TMC8 and SIX3-SIX2 loci may influence the HbA1c level through non-glycaemic and glycaemic pathways, respectively. In addition, the pathway-based analysis suggested that the linoleic acid metabolic and 14-3-3-mediated signalling pathways were associated with HbA1c. These findings provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms that modulate the HbA1c level in non-diabetic subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16147
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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