Genome-wide mapping and identification of new quantitative trait loci affecting meat production, meat quality, and carcass traits within a duroc purebred population

Y. Soma, Y. Uemoto, S. Sato, T. Shibata, H. Kadowaki, E. Kobayashi, K. Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most QTL detection studies in pigs have been carried out in experimental F 2 populations. However, segregation of a QTL must be confirmed within a purebred population for successful implementation of marker-assisted selection. Previously, QTL for meat quality and carcass traits were detected on SSC 7 in a Duroc purebred population. The objectives of the present study were to carry out a whole-genome QTL analysis (except for SSC 7) for meat production, meat quality, and carcass traits and to confirm the presence of segregating QTL in a Duroc purebred population. One thousand and four Duroc pigs were studied from base to seventh generation; the pigs comprised 1 closed population of a complex multigenerational pedigree such that all individuals were related. The pigs were evaluated for 6 growth traits, 7 body size traits, 8 carcass traits, 2 physiological traits, and 11 meat quality traits, and the number of pigs with phenotypes ranged from 421 to 953. A total of 119 markers were genotyped and then used for QTL analysis. We utilized a pedigreebased, multipoint variance components approach to test for linkage between QTL and the phenotypic values using a maximum likelihood method; the logarithm of odds score and QTL genotypic heritability were estimated. A total of 42 QTL with suggestive linkages and 3 QTL with significant linkages for 26 traits were detected. These included selection traits such as daily BW gain, backfat thickness, loin eye muscle area, and intramuscular fat content as well as correlated traits such as body size and meat quality traits. The present study disclosed QTL affecting growth, body size, and carcass, physiological, and meat quality traits in a Duroc purebred population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-608
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Carcass trait
  • Duroc pig
  • Meat quality
  • Multigenerational population
  • Quantitative trait locus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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