Genome sequence and analysis of a Japanese radish (Raphanus sativus) cultivar named ‘Sakurajima Daikon’ possessing giant root

Kenta Shirasawa, Hideki Hirakawa, Nobuko Fukino, Hiroyasu Kitashiba, Sachiko Isobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The complex genome of a Japanese radish (Raphanus sativus) cultivar named ‘Okute-Sakurajima’ with an extremely large edible round root was analysed to explore its genomic characteristics. Methods and Results: Single-molecule real-time technology was used to obtain long sequence reads to cover 60 of the genome. De novo assembly generated 504.5Mb contigs consisting of 1,437 sequences with the N50 value of 1.2Mb and included 94.1% of the core eukaryotic genes. Nine pseudomolecules, comprising 69.3% of the assembled contigs, were generated along with a high-density SNP genetic map. The sequence data thus established revealed the presence of structural variations and rearrangements in the Brassicaceae genomes. Conclusion and perspective: A total of 89,915 genes were identified in the ‘Okute-Sakurajima’ genome, 30,033 of which were newly found in this study. The genome information reported here will not only contribute to the establishment of a new resource for the radish genomics but also provide insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying formation of the giant root.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDNA Research
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Chromosome-scale pseudomolecule sequences
  • Genome sequence
  • Long-read sequence technology
  • Radish

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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