Genetic profile for suspected dysferlinopathy identified by targeted next-generation sequencing

Rumiko Izumi, Tetsuya Niihori, Toshiaki Takahashi, Naoki Suzuki, Maki Tateyama, Chigusa Watanabe, Kazuma Sugie, Hirotaka Nakanishi, Gen Sobue, Masaaki Kato, Hitoshi Warita, Yoko Aoki, Masashi Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the genetic causes of suspected dysferlinopathy and to reveal the genetic profile for myopathies with dysferlin deficiency. Methods: Using next-generation sequencing, we analyzed 42 myopathy-associated genes, including DYSF, in 64 patients who were clinically or pathologically suspected of having dysferlinopathy. Putative pathogenic mutations were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. In addition, copy-number variations in DYSF were investigated using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. We also analyzed the genetic profile for 90 patients with myopathy with dysferlin deficiency, as indicated by muscle specimen immunohistochemistry, including patients from a previous cohort. Results: We identified putative pathogenic mutations in 38 patients (59% of all investigated patients). Twenty-three patients had DYSF mutations, including 6 novel mutations. The remaining 16 patients, including a single patient who also carried the DYSF mutation, harbored putative pathogenic mutations in other genes. The genetic profile for 90 patients with dysferlin deficiency revealed that 70% had DYSF mutations (n = 63), 10% had CAPN3 mutations (n = 9), 2% had CAV3 mutations (n = 2), 3% had mutations in other genes (in single patients), and 16% did not have any identified mutations (n = 14). Conclusions: This study clarified the heterogeneous genetic profile for myopathies with dysferlin deficiency. Our results demonstrate the importance of a comprehensive analysis of related genes in improving the genetic diagnosis of dysferlinopathy as one of the most common subtypes of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Unresolved diagnoses should be investigated using whole-genome or whole-exome sequencing.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere36
JournalNeurology: Genetics
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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