Genetic parameters for production traits and measures of residual feed intake in Duroc and Landrace pigs

Md Azharul Hoque, Keiichi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data on 380 Duroc boars from seven generations, and 1026 Landrace pigs (341 boars and 685 gilts) from six generations were used to estimate genetic parameters for daily gain (DG), backfat thickness (BF), metabolic weight (MWT), daily feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and residual feed intake (RFI). Two measures of RFI were estimated as the difference between actual feed intake and that predicted from models that included initial test age and weight and DG (RFI1); and initial test age and weight, DG and BF (RFI2). Heritability estimates for DG, MWT and FI were moderate for both breeds. BF estimates were high for both the breeds. The measures of feed efficiency (FCR and RFI) were moderately heritable. Genetic correlations of BF with measures of RFI were stronger when BF was not included in the estimation of RFI (0.40 and 0.46 for Duroc and Landrace, respectively (for RFI1), compared with 0.05 and 0.06 for Duroc and Landrace, respectively (for RFI2)). Genetic correlations of MWT with measures of RFI were all negative and low. Genetic and phenotypic correlations between DG and measures of RFI were close to zero, which indicated that selection for reduced RFI could be made without adversely affecting DG. BF should also decrease, and MWT should increase under selection for reduced RFI. The reduction in BF would depend on the measure of RFI used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-549
Number of pages7
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Genetic parameter
  • Growth trait
  • Residual feed intake
  • Swine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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