Genetic parameters for measures of the efficiency of gain of boars and the genetic relationships with its component traits in Duroc pigs

M. A. Hoque, H. Kadowaki, T. Shibata, T. Oikawa, K. Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic parameters for the efficiency of gain traits on 380 boars and the genetic relationships with component traits were estimated in 1,642 pigs (380 boars, 868 gilts, and 394 barrows) in 7 generations of a Duroc population. The efficiency of gain traits included the feed conversion ratio (FCR) and residual feed intake (RFI) and their component traits, ADG, metabolic BW (MWT), and daily feed intake (FI). The RFI was calculated as the difference between the actual and expected FI. The expected FI was predicted by the nutritional requirement and by the residual of phenotypic (RFIphe) and genetic (RFI gen) regressions from the multivariate analysis for FI on MWT and ADG. The means for RFIphe and RFIgen were close to zero, and the mean for nutritional RFI was negative (-0.11 kg/d). The traits studied were moderately heritable (ranging from 0.27 to 0.53). The genetic and phenotypic correlations between ADG and FI were moderate to high, whereas the genetic correlation between MWT and FI was moderate, and the phenotypic correlation between them was low. The corresponding correlations between RFIphe and RFIgen were > 0.95, implying that they can be regarded as the same trait. The genetic and phenotypic correlations of FCR with measures of RFI were high but lower than unity. The RFIphe was phenotypically independent of its component traits, MWT (rp = 0.01) and ADG (r p = 0.03). The RFIgen was genetically independent of MWT (rg = -0.04), whereas there was a weak genetic relationship (r g = 0.15) between RFIgen and ADG. Residual FI was more heritable than FCR, and the genetic and phenotypic correlations of RFI phe and RFIgen with FI were positive and stronger than that of FCR with FI. These results provide evidence that RFIphe or RFIgen should be included in breeding programs for Duroc pigs to make genetic improvement in the efficiency of gain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1873-1879
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume85
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug

Keywords

  • Duroc pig
  • Efficiency of gain
  • Genetic parameter
  • Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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