Individuals with high genetic risk of lung cancer had previously been identified by MspI polymorphisms of the cytochrome P460IA1 gene. In the present study we analyzed the structures of individual P450IA1 genes by PCR direct sequencing of genomic DNA of each genotype raised by the MspI polymorphisms, which were ascribed to a single point mutation in the 3'-flanking region. We then found a novel point mutation in the coding region of the gene which results in the substitution of Ile for Val at residue 462 in the heme binding region. We further analyzed the genetic association between this amino acid replacement and MspI polymorphisms in the general population, using a new method to detect polymorphisms not recognized by restriction enzymes. The results showed that there are at least two forms of human P450IA1 protein with different primary structures and that one of the forms is closely linked with the lung cancer-susceptible genotype ofMspI polymorphisms. Thus MspI polymorphisms, which are associated with increased risk of lung cancer, are linked to at least one amino acid substitution, which gives an important clue, at the molecular level, toward elucidation of increased susceptibility to lung cancer.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1991 Sep|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology