Genetic correlation between serum insulin-like growth factor-1 concentration and performance and meat quality traits in Duroc pigs

K. Suzuki, M. Nakagawa, K. Katoh, H. Kadowaki, T. Shibata, H. Uchida, Y. Obara, A. Nishida

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was intended to examine whether serum IGF-I concentration is appropriate for use as a physiological predictor for genetic improvement of meat production and meat quality traits in pigs. Heritabilities and genetic correlations were estimated for these traits. The Duroc breed used in this study was selected for seven generations for average daily BW gain (DG) from 30 to 105 kg of BW, loin-eye muscle area (EM), backfat thickness (BF), and intramuscular fat (IMF) content. Serum IGF-I concentration of boars and gilts at the fourth generation of selection and that of boars, gilts, and barrows from the fifth to seventh generations of selection were measured at 8 wk (IGFI-8W) for 832 animals and again at the time they reached 105 kg of BW (IGFI-105KG) for 834 animals. A multivariate REML procedure was used to estimate genetic parameters with a model incorporating generation of selection, sex, common environmental effect of litter, and individual additive genetic effects. Heritability estimates for IGFI-8W and IGFI-105KG were 0.23 ± 0.02 and 0.26 ± 0.03, respectively. The estimates of common environmental effect for IGFI-8W and IGFI-105KG were 0.20 ± 0.02 and 0.03 ± 0.01, respectively. Positive genetic correlations were estimated between IGFI-8W and DG (0.26 ± 0.08), EM (0.22 ± 0.10), and IMF (0.32 ± 0.10). Moreover, the positive genetic correlation between IGFI-105KG and EM was 0.42 ± 0.08. These results indicate that serum IGF-I concentration at an early stage of growth was effective for prediction of IMF, but it was not a reliable physiological predictor of genetic merit of meat production traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)994-999
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr

Keywords

  • Genetic Parameter
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I
  • Meat Quality
  • Pigs
  • Production Traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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    Suzuki, K., Nakagawa, M., Katoh, K., Kadowaki, H., Shibata, T., Uchida, H., Obara, Y., & Nishida, A. (2004). Genetic correlation between serum insulin-like growth factor-1 concentration and performance and meat quality traits in Duroc pigs. Journal of animal science, 82(4), 994-999. https://doi.org/10.1093/ansci/82.4.994