Genetic ablation of Bach1 gene enhances recovery from hyperoxic lung injury in newborn mice via transient upregulation of inflammatory genes

Masato Ito, Nobuhiko Nagano, Yukio Arai, Ryo Ogawa, Shingo Kobayashi, Yukiko Motojima, Hayato Go, Masanori Tamura, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Phyllis A. Dennery, Fumihiko Namba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1) is a transcriptional repressor of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. The effects of Bach1 disruption on hyperoxic lung injury in newborn mice have not been determined. We aimed to investigate the role of Bach1 in the newborns exposed to hyperoxia. Methods: Bach1-/- and WT newborn mice were exposed to 21% or 95% oxygen for 4 d and were then allowed to recover in room air. Lung histology was assessed and lung Bach1, HO-1, interleukin (IL)-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 mRNA levels were evaluated using RT-PCR. Lung inflammatory cytokine levels were determined using cytometric bead arrays. Results: After 10 d recovery from neonatal hyperoxia, Bach1-/- mice showed improved lung alveolarization compared with WT. HO-1, IL-6, and MCP-1 mRNA levels and IL-6 and MCP-1 protein levels were significantly increased in the Bach1-/- lungs exposed to neonatal hyperoxia. Although an increase in apoptosis was observed in the Bach1-/- and WT lungs after neonatal hyperoxia, there were no differences in apoptosis between these groups. Conclusion: Bach1-/- newborn mice were well-recovered from hyperoxia-induced lung injury. This effect is likely achieved by the antioxidant/anti-inflammatory activity of HO-1 or by the transient overexpression of proinflammatory cytokines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-931
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Research
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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