Generation of tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vivo by combined treatment with inactivated tumor cells and recombinant interleukin-2

Mamoru Harada, Goro Matsuzaki, Yoshihiro Shinomiya, Shin Kurosawa, Osamu Ito, Tadao Okamoto, Mituhiro Takenoyama, Hiroshi Sumitika, Yousuke Nishimura, Kikuo Nomoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)


    In order to search for a new therapy that would maximize the effect of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in evoking antitumor immunity in vivo, the therapeutic effect of a combination of mitomycin-C(MMC)-treated tumor cells and recombinant IL-2 was examined for its induction of antitumor activity against established melanoma metastasis. In C57BL/6 mice intravenously (i. v.) injected with B16 melanoma cells on day 0, the combined treatment with an intraperitoneal (i. p.) injection of MMC-treated melanoma cells on day 6 and 2500 U rIL-2 (twice daily) on days 7 and 8 markedly reduced the number of pulmonary metastases. This antitumor activity was more effective than that in untreated controls and mice that were injected with MMC-treated melanoma cells alone or rIL-2 alone. When the i. p. injection of MMC-treated tumor cells was replaced by other syngeneic tumor cells, antitumor activity against metastatic melanoma was not induced. The antitumor activity induced by this treatment increased in parallel with an increase in the dose of rIL-2 injected. In contrast, an i. p. injection of soluble tumor-specific antigens alone could induce only a marginal level of antitumor activity, and this activity was not augmented by subsequent i. p. injections of rIL-2. In vivo treatment with anti-CD8 monoclonal antibody (mAb), but not with anti-CD4 mAb or anti-asialo-GM1 antibody, abrogated the antitumor activity induced by this combined therapy. This suggests that the antitumor effect was dependent on CD8+ T cells. Lung-infiltrating lymphocytes from mice that had been i. v. injected with melanoma cells 11 days before and were treated with this combined therapy, showed melanoma-specific cytolytic activity. This combined therapy also showed significant antitumor activity against subcutaneously inoculated melanoma cells. These results demonstrate that the combined therapy of an i. p. injection of MMC-treated tumor cells and subsequent and consecutive i. p. administration of rIL-2 increases antitumor activity against established metastatic melanoma by generating tumor-specific CD8+ CTL in vivo.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)332-338
    Number of pages7
    JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1994 Sep 1


    • Cytokine therapy
    • IL-2
    • Melanoma
    • in vivo

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy
    • Immunology
    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research


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