Generation of terahertz transients from Co2Fe0.4Mn0.6Si Heusler alloy/heavy-metal bilayers

S. Heidtfeld, R. Adam, T. Kubota, K. Takanashi, D. Cao, C. Schmitz-Antoniak, D. E. Bürgler, F. Wang, C. Greb, G. Chen, I. Komissarov, H. Hardtdegen, M. Mikulics, R. Sobolewski, S. Suga, C. M. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We generated pulses of electromagnetic radiation with a frequency content up to three terahertz (THz) by optical excitation of Co2Fe0.4Mn0.6Si Heusler alloy/heavy metal bilayers (CFMS/HM) using fs-laser pulses. We attribute the generation process to the conversion of a spin current, generated by the illumination with a fs-laser pulse, to a charge current via the inverse spin Hall effect. We compared the THz emission efficiency in CFMS/Pt and CFMS/Ta bilayers due to their high spin–orbit coupling of Pt and Ta. Surprisingly, our data reveal that CFMS/Pt shows substantially larger THz amplitudes compared to CFMS/Ta. Both bilayers exhibit a tunability of the THz amplitude by external magnetic field both at 300 K and 100 K. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements demonstrate that CFMS/Ta has a high effective spin mixing conductance, describing the efficiency of interfacial spin transport. We observe that the efficiency of the THz radiation cannot be solely described by the spin–orbit coupling strength and the spin diffusion length in the HM material plays an important role.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168791
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1


  • Ferromagnetic resonance
  • Inverse spin hall effect
  • Spin-to-charge conversion
  • THz radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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