Spin-Seebeck effects (SSEs) in a one-dimensional quantum spin liquid (QSL) system have been investigated in a Sr2CuO3/Pt hybrid structure. Sr2CuO3 contains one-dimensional spin- 1 2 chains in which typical spinons in QSL have been confirmed. Heat-induced voltage measured in a clean Pt/Sr2CuO3 exhibits anomalous sign reversal with decreasing temperature, the negative component of which can be attributed to the spinon-induced SSE. However, the SSE was found to be critically decreased upon the exposure of Sr2CuO3 to air, which can be associated with the chemical degradation of the interface of Sr2CuO3. Despite the drastic change in the SSE signals, properties of the one-dimensional QSL are little changed in the spin susceptibility as well as the thermal conductivity of Sr2CuO3. The SSE signal is also sensitive to the purity of Sr2CuO3; it is suppressed with a decrease in the purity of the primary compounds of the Sr2CuO3. The result indicates that the spinon-induced SSE in Sr2CuO3 is sensitive to the bulk condition due to the one-dimensional atomic channel for spin transport in Sr2CuO3. In a carefully prepared Sr2CuO3/Pt sample, we found that the spinon-induced SSE signal is tolerant to magnetic fields; it increases linearly with the field even up to 9 T. In contrast, SSEs are suppressed under such a high field in ferrimagnetic insulators Y3Fe5O12 or paramagnetic insulators Gd3Ga5O12, which is caused by the Zeeman gap in the spin-wave or paramagnetic spin excitations. The robustness of the spinon-induced SSE is consistent with the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid theories.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)