Gene transfer of dominant negative Rho kinase suppresses neointimal formation after balloon injury in pigs

Yasuhiro Eto, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Junko Hiroki, Kunio Morishige, Tadashi Kandabashi, Yasuharu Matsumoto, Mutsuki Amano, Masahiko Hoshijima, Kozo Kaibuchi, Akira Takeshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


Restenosis after angioplasty still remains a major problem for which neointimal formation appears to play an important role. Recent studies in vitro suggested that Rho kinase, a target protein of Rho, is important in various cellular functions. We thus examined whether Rho kinase is involved in the restenotic changes after balloon injury. In vivo gene transfer was performed immediately after balloon injury in both sides of the porcine femoral arteries with adenoviral vector encoding either a dominant negative form of Rho kinase (AdDNRhoK) or β-galactosidase (AdLacZ) as a control. One week after the transfer, immunohistochemistry confirmed the successful gene expression in the vessel wall, whereas 2 wk after the transfer, Western blotting showed the functional upregulation of Rho kinase at the AdLacZ site and its suppression at the AdDNRhoK site. Angiography showed the development of a stenotic lesion at the AdLacZ site where histological neointimal formation was noted, whereas those changes were significantly suppressed at the AdDNRhoK site. These results indicate that Rho kinase is involved in the pathogenesis of neointimal formation after balloon injury in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1744-H1750
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number6 47-6
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Restenosis
  • Signal transduction
  • Small guanosine 5'triphosphate-binding protein
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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