Gene arrangement in the upstream region of Clostridium botulinum type E and Clostridium butyricum BL6340 progenitor toxin genes is different from that of other types

Toru Kubota, Noriyuki Yonekura, Yasushi Hariya, Emiko Isogai, Hiroshi Isogai, Ken Ichi Amano, Nobuhiro Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cluster of genes encoding the botulinum progenitor toxin and the upstream region including p21 and p47 were divided into three different gene arrangements (class I-III). To determine the gene similarity of the type E neurotoxin (BoNT/E) complex to ether types, the gene organization in the upstream region of the nontoxic-nonhemagglutinin gene (ntnh) was investigated in chromosomal DNA from Clostridium, botulinum type E strain Iwanai and C. butyricum strain BL6340. The gene cluster of type E progenitor toxin (Iwanai and BL6340) was similar to those of type F and type A (from infant botulism in Japan), but not to those of types A, B, and C. Though genes for the hemagglutinin component and P21 were not discovered, genes encoding P47, NTNH, and BoNT were found in type E strain Iwanai and C. butyricum strain BL6340. However, the genes of ORF-X1 (435 bp) and ORF-X2 (partially sequenced) were present just upstream of that of P47. The orientation of these genes was in inverted direction to that of p47. The gene cluster of type E progenitor toxin (Iwanai and BL6340) is, therefore, a specific arrangement (class IV) among the genes encoding components of the BoNT complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume158
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Botulinum type E toxin
  • Clostridium botulinum
  • Clostridium butyricum
  • P21
  • P47
  • Progenitor toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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